Signs of Ovulation
When and how do you know whether you’re ovulating, and how long does it last? Here are the key ovulation signals to look out for, as well as methods for predicting when ovulation will occur
- What exactly is ovulation?
- When do you get your period?
- How long does it take for ovulation to occur?
- Ovulation symptoms and indicators to be aware of
- How can you tell if you’re ovulating?
What exactly is ovulation?
Every month, ovulation occurs, which is the release of a mature egg from one of the ovaries. Ovulation is the most fertile moment for a woman.
When do you get your period?
Ovulation normally happens about midway through your menstrual cycle, or about day 14 of a 28-day cycle, counting from the first day of one period to the first day of the next.
However, as with anything pregnancy-related, there is a broad range of normal here since periods may last anywhere from 23 to 35 days, and your personal menstrual cycle and timing of ovulation may fluctuate somewhat from month to month.
How long does it take for ovulation to occur?
After ovulation, an egg can be fertilized for 12 to 24 hours. The time it takes for the egg to be released by the ovary and taken up by the fallopian tube varies, but it usually happens 12 to 24 hours following a spike of the hormone LH, as explained below.
How can you tell if you’re ovulating?
There are several methods for predicting when you may begin ovulating. Here’s how to get ready for ovulation and figure out when it will happen:
Look out for these ovulation symptoms.
Here are the seven most common ovulation symptoms to be on the watch for:
- Your basal body temp drops somewhat before rising again.
- Cervical mucus change: becomes whiter and thinner, with a slicker consistency akin to egg whites.
- Your cervix softens and expands.
- You may have a minor pang of discomfort or cramping in your lower abdomen.
- Your desire for sex may grow.
- There may be some mild spotting.
- It is possible that your vulva or vagina will seem enlarged.
- Heightened sense of smell
- Hormone levels increase around the time of ovulation and this can be detected using ovulation predictor kits
How can you tell if you’re ovulating? Ovulation signs
There are several methods for predicting when you may begin your ovulation process. Here’s how to get ready for ovulation and figure out when it will happen:
Pay attention to your body.
Can you feel ovulation coming on? If you’re like 20% of women, your body will give you a message when you’re ovulating in the shape of a twinge of pain or a series of cramps in your lower abdomen area (typically confined to one side – the side from which you’re ovulating). This monthly reminder of fertility, known as mittelschmerz — German for “middle pain” — is considered to be caused by the maturation or release of an egg from an ovary. If you pay close attention, you may be more likely to grasp the message. Keep track of your menstrual cycle.
Keep a monthly cycle calendar for a few months to get a sense of what’s usual for you — or utilize ovulation calculator online. If your periods are irregular, you should be on the lookout for additional ovulation indicators.
Keep track of your basal body temperature.
That is, your basic body temperature, or BBT. Basal body temperature is the baseline measurement you receive first thing in the morning, after at least three to five hours of sleep and before you get out of bed, chat, or even sit up. It is taken using a particular, basal body thermometer. Your BBT fluctuates during your cycle due to hormonal shifts. Estrogen predominates throughout the early part of your cycle before ovulation.
There is a spike in progesterone during the second part of the ovulatory cycle, which raises your body temperature as it prepares your uterus for a fertilized, implanted egg. This indicates that your temperature will be lower in the first half of the month than in the second.
Confused? The basic conclusion is that your body temp will drop to its lowest point during ovulation and then rise by around a half degree as soon as ovulation occurs. Keep in mind that tracking your BBT for only one month will not allow you to anticipate the day you will ovulate, but will instead provide proof of ovulation after it has occurred. Tracking it over a few months, on the other hand, will allow you to notice a pattern in your cycles, allowing you to forecast when your fertile days are — and when to go to bed appropriately.
Many women find this strategy to be somewhat annoying, and it is essential to note that studies have shown that the time of ovulation varies among women following a temperature drop. Kits for predicting ovulation are more accurate.
Learn about your cervix.
Ovulation is not a completely concealed process, and there are some obvious physical indicators of ovulation. When your body detects hormone changes indicating that an egg is ready to be released from the ovary, it begins preparing for the approaching swarms of sperm to offer the egg the best chance of fertilization.
The position of the cervix is one identifiable indicator of ovulation. Your cervix — the neck-like tube between your vagina and uterus that has to extend during delivery to fit your baby’s head — is low, hard, and closed at the start of a cycle. However, when ovulation approaches, it pulls back up, softens somewhat, and opens slightly to allow the sperm to pass through on their route to their goal. Some women can quickly detect these changes, while others have a more difficult time. Check your cervix every day with one or two fingers and maintain a note of your findings.
A change in mucus is another cervical ovulation sign to keep an eye out for. Cervical mucus, which appears as discharge, transports the sperm to the egg deep within you. You’ll have a dry phase once your period finishes; don’t anticipate much, if any, cervical mucus. As the cycle progresses, you’ll notice an increase in the quantity of mucus, which will be white or hazy and will break apart if you try to stretch it between your fingers.
This mucus grows even more abundant as you move closer to ovulation, but it’s thinner, clearer, and has a slippery quality comparable to egg white. If you stretch it between your fingers, you’ll be able to draw it into a string a few inches long before it snaps (how’s that for bathroom entertainment?). Another symptom of approaching ovulation is the presence of egg white cervical mucus.
After ovulation, you may experience either a dry period or a heavier discharge. Cervical mucus, when combined with cervical position and BBT on a single chart, may be a very effective (though slightly messy) tool in predicting the day you’re most likely to ovulate – in plenty of time for you to do something about it. Some women, particularly those who have had cervix surgery for abnormal PAP smears, may not generate much cervical mucus (such as a LEEP procedure).
Purchase an ovulation prediction kit.
You don’t want to bother with mucus? You are not required to. Many women use ovulation predictor kits, which determine the day of ovulation 12 to 24 hours ahead of time by measuring levels of luteinizing hormone, or LH, the last of the hormones to peak before ovulation. You simply pee on a stick and wait for the indication to tell you whether you’re going to ovulate. These methods are more accurate than using applications that forecast when you should be ovulating but not necessarily when you are.
A saliva test, which monitors estrogen levels in your saliva as ovulation approaches, is a less accurate and infrequently used method. When you’re ovulating, a peek at your saliva via the test’s eyepiece will reveal a tiny pattern that looks like fern plant leaves or frost on a window pane. Not many women obtain a nice “fern,” but this reusable test might be less expensive than the kits.
There are other gadgets that detect the various salts (chloride, sodium, potassium) in a woman’s perspiration, which alter during the month. This change, known as the chloride ion surge, occurs before the estrogen and LH surges, hence these tests provide a four-day warning of when a woman may be ovulating, as opposed to the 12-to-24-hour notice provided by typical ovulation predictors. The saliva and chloride ion surge tests have not been thoroughly explored and are used far less often.
Remember that patience and effort are essential while attempting to conceive, and there are no assurances that you will conceive even if you are ovulating. But it can’t hurt to keep an eye out for these frequent ovulation signs, and then arrange a candlelight dinner, a warm bubble bath, or a romantic weekend vacation — whatever it takes to get you and your spouse in the mood to start a family.
Good luck – and have fun while you’re at it!
Ovulation Day Symptoms That Can Help You Find Your Most Fertile Period
Pay attention to these ovulation indications to become pregnant quickly.
Common Ovulation Symptoms | Predict ovulation
It might be difficult to pinpoint your precise ovulation day, but there are various techniques to know when you’re at your most fertile period in your cycle. Here are eight symptoms that ovulation is on its way or has already occurred.
Positive Ovulation Test Kit Findings
An ovulation prediction kit functions similarly to an at-home pregnancy test.
- You urinate on a stick or into a cup into which the stick or test strip is placed. There will be two lines. The test is deemed positive when the test line is darker than the control line, suggesting that you are going to ovulate. This is the period to have intercourse in order to become pregnant.
- Ovulation tests are a common approach to detect ovulation, but they have advantages and disadvantages.
- They need less effort than recording your baseline temperature.
- Digital ovulation monitors are often simple to use.
- Simpler tests might be harder to read since it is not always obvious when the test line is darker than the control line.
They can be costly, particularly if your periods are irregular or you’ve been trying to conceive for a long time.
They are not a sure indicator that you ovulated. You might get a positive test result yet not ovulate.
Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) may have many positive findings even if they are not ovulating, rendering the tests ineffective.
Cervical Mucus Fertile
Cervical mucus discharges around the cervix rise and turn into a raw-egg-white-like consistency as you approach ovulation.
Cervical mucus of viable quality aids sperm in swimming up and into the female reproductive system, making sexual intercourse simpler and more enjoyable.
Cervical mucus is stickier when you are not at a fertile stage of your cycle. Cervical mucus progresses from practically dry to none, sticky, creamy, watery, raw-egg-white-like, and then back to sticky or dry. You can learn to anticipate ovulation by tracking these changes.
When you have moist or egg-white-like cervical mucous, it is the optimal time to have intercourse in order to become pregnant.
Enhanced Sexual Desire
Nature understands just how to induce sex at the optimal moment for conception. Just before ovulation, a woman’s desire for sex increases. Her urge for sex increases, but she also appears sexier. The actual bone structure of a woman’s face transforms somewhat, her stride becomes sexier, and her hips have a more sensuous swing if she dances.
Go ahead and try some horizontal baby dancing if you’re in the mood. This is a simple method for timing sex during pregnancy. Of course, ovulation isn’t the only factor that might boost your desire. Furthermore, if you are nervous, agitated, or depressed, you may not detect or experience an increase in sexual desire, even immediately before ovulation.
Increase in Basal Body Temperature
Your basal body temperature (BBT) is the temperature you have when you are resting. While you may think of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit as a standard temperature, the fact is that your body temperature changes somewhat during the day and month. It fluctuates according on your activity level, what you consume, your hormones, your sleeping patterns, and, of course, whether or not you become ill.
Tracking necessitates taking your temperature every morning, at the same time every morning (no sleeping in), before getting out of bed.
You can track your BBT using free applications and websites.
Though it cannot forecast ovulation, it can tell you the approximate day of ovulation—after the fact.
Working the night shift or having irregularities in your sleep habits make measuring BBT challenging.
Using your BBT chart, your doctor can discover irregular periods or ovulation difficulties.
Progesterone levels in your body rise after ovulation, causing your temperature to rise somewhat. You can know when you ovulated if you keep track of your BBT. 3
Cervical Position Shift
If you imagine your vagina as a tube, it finishes at the cervix. Throughout your menstrual cycle, your cervix moves and changes position. 4 You can keep track of these modifications.
The cervix goes up higher (you may have trouble reaching it), softens to the touch, and opens slightly just before ovulation. The cervix is lower, firmer, and more closed when you are not in the fertile period of your cycle.
While you may believe that cervix checking is only done by OB/GYNs during labor, it is something you can learn. You can also examine cervical mucous changes when inspecting your cervix.
Tenderness of the Breast
Have you ever noticed that your breasts are occasionally sore to the touch? But not always? This is caused by the hormones produced by your body during ovulation. You can use this alteration to establish that ovulation has most likely occurred. 5
This method cannot forecast ovulation, but it might be reassuring if you’re wondering if you’ve ovulated this menstrual cycle. However, breast soreness may be an adverse effect of fertility medicines.
Pattern of Saliva Ferning
Another possible symptom of ovulation is a ferning pattern in your saliva.
3 A ferning pattern looks like frost on a windowpane and is a unique and unusual approach to identify ovulation. There are specialist microscopes available for this purpose, but any toy shop microscope would suffice.
Some ladies are unable to perceive the ferning pattern. Because it is a unique method of tracking ovulation, there aren’t many resources or peer support available. (There are several support groups where you may get comments and help whether you are tracking cervical mucus or basal temperature.)
Have you ever had a strong discomfort in your lower abdomen that seemed to come and go? If the pain occurs in the middle of your menstrual cycle, you may be experiencing ovulation discomfort. 5
Every month, some women experience ovulation discomfort. According to research, mid-cycle pain (also known as mittelschmerz, German for “middle agony”) comes right before ovulation, when you are most viable.
Most women experience ovulation discomfort as a brief intense ache in the lower abdomen. Others, on the other hand, suffer from extreme discomfort that precludes them from engaging in sexual activity during their most fertile period.
Ultrasound can be used to identify the time of ovulation.
3 Researchers compared ultrasound results to frequently used ovulation tracking techniques. They discovered that basal temperature tracking only predicted the precise day of ovulation 43% of the time. Ovulation prediction kits, which detect the LH hormone spike that happens prior to ovulation, may be just 60% accurate.