11 early signs of a pregnancy

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Are you pregnant? Be aware of these early pregnancy symptoms. Some of these early signs of pregnancy can appear as early as a few weeks after conception.

Even before you take a pregnancy test and know for sure that you have a baby on board, you may be warned by some early pregnancy symptoms.

Since many of these early signs of pregnancy are similar to the symptoms you have just before your period, it can be hard to tell the difference.

While pregnancy tests and your doctor can provide definitive answers, here are 11 early pregnancy symptoms that indicate you are pregnant:

Missing period

It may be obvious, but if your period has disappeared (especially if it’s normally set like clockwork), you probably suspect pregnancy, and for good reason. The absence of menstruation is a symptom of early pregnancy that all expectant moms know about!

Some women have what appears to be an abnormally short or light period after they are already pregnant. In reality, it is often an implantation bleed (see below), but it can be confused with your last period. So you may not notice that your period has stopped, at least at first.


Imagine climbing a mountain without training, carrying a backpack that weighs a little more each day. That’s pregnancy in a nutshell!

In other words, it’s hard work, and that’s why fatigue is a symptom of early pregnancy that almost all expectant mothers feel.

When you get pregnant, an enormous amount of energy is devoted to building the placenta, your baby’s life support system. All of this can distract you from your usual performance and lead to pregnancy fatigue soon after conception.

Sensitivity to odor

An exacerbated sense of smell is a symptom of early pregnancy that makes previously light, strong and unpleasant smells. As one of the first pregnancy symptoms that many women report, a baby could be in the air if your sense of smell is suddenly more sensitive and easily offended.

Morning sickness or nausea

Telltale nausea, known as morning sickness, can strike you at any time of the day and usually begins around the sixth week of pregnancy, although it can vary and even occur earlier.

Hormones, especially increased levels of progesterone (but estrogen and hCG can also be responsible), can cause the stomach to empty more slowly, resulting in this early pregnancy symptom that resembles seasickness.

Food aversions

Your very sensitive nose may be responsible for another early pregnancy symptom: Food aversions, where the thought, sight or smell of certain foods you normally like can turn your stomach (or worse, contribute to your morning sickness).

This early pregnancy symptom can be triggered by anything from chicken (a common symptom) to seemingly harmless things like lettuce.

Although it’s not one of the first symptoms of pregnancy, it usually appears during the first trimester. Again, pregnancy hormones are to blame, especially in the early days when your body is flooded with them and still getting used to the hormonal changes. Don’t worry: this early pregnancy symptom often passes into the second trimester, when things have calmed down.

Mood swings

Again, pregnancy-related hormonal changes are responsible for the mood swings you may experience once you are pregnant. As early as the fourth week of pregnancy, you may experience mood swings similar to PMS; later in the first trimester and often throughout your pregnancy, you may be in a good mood one minute and anxious or depressed the next.

In addition to the pregnancy hormones being unleashed, your life is about to undergo a fundamental change, so it’s perfectly normal for your moods to be disturbed. Do what you can to give yourself a break, eat well, get enough sleep and enjoy yourself. Take a deep breath. Everything will be fine.

Changes in the breasts

Tight, swollen breasts and dark, lumpy areolas are some of the breast changes you may notice in early pregnancy. The hormones estrogen and progesterone deserve the same attention.


Having problems zipping up your jeans? Bloating in early pregnancy is hard to distinguish from pre-pregnancy bloating, but it is an early warning pregnancy symptom that many women experience shortly after conception.

You can’t yet attribute this bloated feeling to being too important for your baby, but you can credit it to the hormone progesterone, which helps slow digestion, giving the nutrients in the food you eat more time to get into your bloodstream and reach your baby.

Unfortunately, bloating is often accompanied by constipation. Eating the right amount of fiber in your diet can help you eat regularly.

Elevated basal body temperature

If you used a special basal thermometer to take your first morning temperature, you will notice that it rises about 1 degree at the time of conception and stays high throughout your pregnancy.

While this is not a sure sign of early pregnancy (there are other reasons your temperature may rise), it could give you a hint of the big news.

Implantation bleeding

In up to 30% of new moms, light bleeding or implantation bleeding before menstruation (about six to 12 days after conception) can be an early pregnancy symptom, indicating that an embryo has implanted in the lining of the uterus, which may or may not be accompanied by menstrual-like cramping.

When can you notice symptoms of pregnancy?

Very early pregnancy symptoms (such as sensitivity to smell and breast tenderness) may appear a few days after conception, before you get your period, while other early signs of pregnancy (such as spotting) may appear about a week after the sperm and egg meet. Still others (such as urinary frequency) often appear about two weeks after conception.

That is, early pregnancy symptoms occur at different times in different women. Some women have few (if any) of these signs until a few weeks into pregnancy.

Although many women do not experience early pregnancy symptoms, some women experience all of them. If you haven’t had your period yet and are experiencing fatigue, morning sickness, pimples, and sore breasts, you can take a pregnancy test at home and then see a doctor for a blood test to confirm.

Whatever symptoms you have, the only way to know for sure that you are pregnant is to make an appointment with your gynecologist.

Make an appointment as early as possible so that if you have early pregnancy symptoms, you can get the best possible care from the start. And if you’re expecting a baby, congratulations! You are embarking on the journey of a lifetime.

Does a slight dash on a pregnancy test mean that it is positive or negative?

Shocked Brunette Woman Holding Positive Pregnancy Test

Taking a pregnancy test at home is always a puzzle. The accuracy of the results depends a lot on when you take them and what the lines in the test screen reveal.

Expectant parents aren’t exactly known for their patience, especially when it comes to checking – and rechecking – whether or not their efforts to have a baby have been successful. If you’re in this group, you’ve probably stocked up on pregnancy tests and use them on a regular basis.

But while they’re an affordable, easy and convenient way to find out if you’re pregnant, home pregnancy tests can be puzzling, especially if you’re very early in your pregnancy. Here’s a guide to help you decipher the meaning of these little lines or positive signs.

What does a weak line on a home pregnancy test look like?

Depending on the type of pregnancy test you use, you may see a plus or minus sign or, more often, one or two lines in the window indicating the result.

Read the instructions on the pregnancy test package carefully to find out what to look for.

If you are pregnant, but still very early in your pregnancy, the line or double line on your pregnancy test will likely be hardly visible, like a chalk smear. If you are more advanced and hormones are circulating, the line or lines will look like markings drawn with a Sharpie.

The absence of a line or a positive result does not necessarily mean that you are not pregnant (although it is a possibility). It could simply mean that there is not yet enough human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), the hormone produced by the cells that form the placenta after implantation, to be recognized by the test.

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What does a very weak line on a pregnancy test indicate?

A very low line on a pregnancy test typically means that implantation has taken place and that you are in the initial stages of pregnancy. However, you should re-test a few days or weeks later to see if the line has become stronger and darker, which means that your pregnancy is advancing – and you can rejoice!

You may see a faint line on your pregnancy test and have your period a few weeks later, which means you’re not really pregnant or you’ve only been pregnant for a short time. This doesn’t mean that the test didn’t work, but you may have been experiencing a very early and frequent pregnancy loss, called a chemical pregnancy. It may also point to other types of early pregnancy loss, such as an ectopic pregnancy.

As disturbing as this may be, you probably never would have realized what was happening if this weak line hadn’t alerted you, and the event has no impact on your chances of getting pregnant again. In fact, it can be considered positive, as it is proof that you can get pregnant successfully again.

The best way to know for sure that you are pregnant is to make an appointment with your gynecologist/obstetrician and take a blood pregnancy test to confirm the pregnancy. This test provides a number for your hCG level, which your doctor can use to tell if everything is okay in the early stages of pregnancy.

What does a positive pregnancy test result look like?

A positive pregnancy test result usually looks like a plus sign, two double lines, or a line in a circle or results window, although there are other types of test results, including numeric results that indicate “yes” or “pregnant” if the result is positive.

Can a barely visible pregnancy test result be negative?

A barely visible pregnancy test result usually can’t be negative – because it detected hCG – but it can indicate a false positive for a true pregnancy or early pregnancy loss. You may also get a false negative result.

Most home pregnancy tests claim to be 99% accurate – and when tested by lab technicians under ideal conditions, they probably are – but studies of home pregnancy tests used in the real world by women at home suggest they are somewhat less reliable.

Here are some cases where you may see a faint line on a pregnancy test but not actually be pregnant or have a nonviable pregnancy:

Menopause. When a menopausal or perimenopausal woman skips her period and takes a pregnancy test, the results are sometimes (but rarely) positive because the level of luteinizing hormone is abnormally high.
If you are taking fertility and other medications. False positive results can be caused by traces of fertility medications or other hCG-containing medications (although this is unlikely). If you have had an hCG injection as part of fertility treatment, the levels may remain high for at least seven days afterwards, even if you are not pregnant.

If you have an early pregnancy loss. A false positive result may also indicate a recent chemical pregnancy, an ectopic pregnancy, or another type of early pregnancy loss.

Disease. Very rarely, certain cancers that interfere with hormone production can cause a misleading pregnancy test.

Here’s why you can be pregnant and still see a negative result on your pregnancy test:

It’s too early. If your pregnancy is very early, the hCG level may not have reached detectable levels yet. It is best to wait a week and test again.
You checked the results too early. Of course, you are impatient! However, perform the test completely as recommended on the package insert to determine the results. You can use your watch timer or a kitchen timer to make sure you wait long enough.
Your urine is diluted. This is good for you because you stay hydrated. However, if your urine is too dilute for the test to detect hCG, the results may not be accurate. Although it is often recommended to test in the morning when your urine is most concentrated, this is not necessary because modern pregnancy tests are very sensitive and can detect hCG at any time.
Human error or expired test. If you have not followed the instructions carefully or if you have an expired pregnancy test, it is possible that the results will be inaccurate.

f you get a low-positive pregnancy test, are you definitely pregnant?

If you get a low-positive pregnancy test, you are almost always pregnant, but it may be too early to announce it. Home pregnancy tests vary in their capability to detect pregnancy in women who have recently missed their periods, either be it due to chemical pregnancy or other reasons.

If you have a negative test but think you are pregnant, or the opposite, rerun the test one week after you missed your period or consult your OBGYN. And remember that a blood pregnancy test by your gynecologist/obstetrician is always more accurate.

Brain altered by caffeine in the belly, study finds

Brain Alterations Of Children Through Coffee

A new research study found that caffeine taken during pregnancy can modify key brain pathways, leading to behavioral problems in later years. Researchers from the Del Monte Neuroscience Institute at the University of Rochester Medical Center studied thousands of brain scans at ages 9 and 10 to see alterations in brain structure in children exposed to caffeine in utero. The results were clear.

“These are the kind of marginal effects that don’t cause terrible mental conditions, but produce minimal but significant behavioral issues that require looking at the long-term effects of caffeine ingestion,” said Dr. John Fox, director of the Del Monte Neuroscience Institute and principal investigator in adolescent brain cognitive development, “I think the findings of this research are recommendations. Caffeine during pregnancy is likely not a great thing to do.”

Heightened behavioral problems, decreased alertness and hyperactivity are all signs that researchers have noticed in these kids. “What makes this unique is that when you take caffeine during pregnancy, the biological pathways look differently,” says Zachary Christensen, MD/Ph.D.. ” Earlier studies have shown that kids score differently on IQ tests and have slightly different psychopathology, but it’s kind of a biomarker because it can also be related to demographics. It’s tough to analyze it until it’s done. It gives us a baseline for future research that seeks to know exactly when alterations occur in the brain. “

Researchers analyzed brain scan across 9,000 subjects ages 9 and 10 in the ABCD study. They found that there was a marked change in the way white matter was tracked to form brain connections between regions of children whose mothers had reported ingesting caffeine during pregnancy.

URMC is one of 21 sites across the country collecting data from the ABCD study, the largest long-term study of children’s brain development and health. This research is funded by the National Institute of Health. Ed Freedman, Ph.D. is the Principal Investigator and co-author of the ABCD study in Rochester.

“It’s critical to point out that this is a retrospective study,” Foxe said. “We are depending on our mothers to recall how much caffeine we ingested during pregnancy.”

Earlier studies have shown that caffeine can have a negative effect on pregnancy. It is also known that the fetus does not have the enzymes necessary to metabolize caffeine as it crosses the placenta. This new research shows that caffeine may have a long-lasting effect on neurodevelopment.

The scientists note that the effect of caffeine on fetal growth is unknown It relies on the length of gestation or when these physical structural changes occur during pregnancy.

“Current clinical guidelines already advise limiting caffeine consumption during pregnancy – 2 cups or less of ordinary coffee a day. In the long-term, we want to come up with better guidelines for mothers, but in the time being, consult your doctor if you have doubts.