A female hormone that is produced in the ovaries and prepared the lining of the uterus during the second half of the menstrual cycle to nourish a fertilized egg.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

The term used to describe a group of physical or behavioral changes that some women experience before their menstrual periods every month.

Postpartum Sterilization

An operation that prevents a woman from becoming pregnant, preformed immediately after the birth of her last child.

Postpartum Blues

Feelings of sadness, fear, anger, or anxiety occurring about 3 days after childbirth and usually fading within 1-2 weeks.


Intense feelings of sadness, anxiety, or despair after childbirth that interfere with a new mother’s ability to function and that do not go away.


Progestin Only Pills, commonly known as the mini-pill.


Tissue that connects mother and fetus and provides nourishment to and takes away waste from the fetus.


The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and surrounds the internal organs.


An injury to the wall of the uterus; it can be caused by an intrauterine device or by an instrument used in a D&C.

Pelvic Exam

Examination of a woman’s internal and external reproductive organs.

Pap Test (Pap Smear)

A test in which cells are taken from the cervix and vagina and examined under a microscope.


The release of an egg from one of the ovaries.

Needle Aspiration

A procedure in which a small amount of fluid or tissue is withdrawn through a needle for study.


Surgical removal of uterine fibroids only, leaving the uterus in place.

Molluscum Contagiosum

Appears like pearly, flesh-colored, dome-shaped bumps on the skin. Molluscum do not usually itch or hurt. Most people have only a few bumps.


The spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the fetus can survive outside the uterus.


An antibiotic used to treat bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis.


 The discharge of blood and tissue from the uterus that occurs when an egg is not fertilized.


The time in a woman’s life when the ovaries stop functioning and menstruation stops.