Yeast Infection

An infection causing mild to intolerable vulvar or vaginal itching or burning in females. The male partner may also have symptoms.

Vulva

The lips of the female external genital area.

Vaginismus

 Involuntary spasm of the pubic muscles and lower vagina that makes penetration by the penis difficult, painful, or impossible.

Uterus

A muscular organ located in the female pelvis that contains and nourishes the developing embryo and fetus during pregnancy.

Urethra

A short, narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.

Ureters

A pair of tubes, each leading from one of the kidneys to the bladder.

Ultrasound

A test in which sound waves are used to examine or view the internal organs or fetus. You can read more about it here: Ultrasound Checkup

Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (SIL)

Term used in Pap test reports that includes dysplasia, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and changes caused by Human Papillomavirus. A noncancerous condition that occurs when normal cells on the surface of the cervix are replaced by a layer of abnormal cells. SIL is classified as low grade or high grade.

Spermicides

Chemicals that inactivate sperm. They come in creams, gels, foams, and suppositories. Some condoms are coated with spermicides.

Speculum

An instrument used to spread the walls of the vagina so that the cervix can be seen.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Diseases that are spread by sexual contact, including chlamydia infection, gonorrhea, genital warts, herpes, syphilis, and infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Rh Immunoglobulin (RhIg)

A substance given to prevent an Rh-negative person’s antibody response to Rh-positive blood cells.

Rectocele

Protrusion of the rectum through the vaginal wall.

Prostagladin

A chemical that is made by the body and causes the muscle of the uterus to contract, usually causing cramps.